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    Audience interaction and social media

    also be content creators. As a result, a few critics perceived Te Ara as being elitist, and challenged ... from other Te Ara pages and are clearly attributed to their authors. They are usually lively and ... by leaving comments on image and media pages. These have ranged from serious requests for, and offers ...


    Users, responses and influence

    content, helped to found the National Digital Forum (NDF) with national librarian Chris Blake, to discuss ... online (‘born digital’) publication, Te Ara’s content also attracted interest from more traditional ... publishers. A series of extensively illustrated books was produced through the publisher David Bateman. These ...


    Taking New Zealand to the world

    publishers wanting to translate New Zealand books into other languages, and help in organising New Zealand ...


    Art, craft and design

    Māori material culture, including carvings and weaving, was sought after by collectors and ethnologists from the time of British navigator James Cook’s explorations in the late 18th century. Despite a 1901 law to restrict their export from New Zealand, ma ...


    Music and dance

    Kapa haka As well as entertaining visitors to New Zealand, kapa haka (Māori performing arts) groups toured overseas from the 19th century. One of the first concert parties went to Sydney and Melbourne in 1862, and on to London in 1863. In the 2000s profes ...


    Literature, theatre and film

    published in London. Local publishers soon emerged, and books were exported, but overseas sales did not grow ... significantly until the 1970s. The internet and e-books contributed to the wider reach of New Zealand writing. ... enchanted overseas readers. Much-loved illustrated children’s book Hairy Maclary from Donaldson’s d airy ...


    What is kapa haka?

    The Māori word ‘kapa’ means to stand in a row or rank, and haka is a dance. The term ‘kapa haka’ means a group or groups standing in rows to perform traditional Māori dances, accompanied by sung or chanted words. Kapa haka is both an ancient and a living ...


    19th-century kapa haka

    Missionary responses From their arrival in the early 19th century, Christian missionaries strove to eradicate the so-called ‘war dance’, along with other forms of Māori culture that they saw as conflicting with Christian beliefs and practice. The Reverend ...


    20th-century innovations

    fundraising performances for his Maori Soldiers’ Fund. After the war he collected many traditional waiata and ...


    Urban groups and formal competitions

    Kapa haka and urbanisation The Māori population experienced rapid and extreme urbanisation from the 1930s. The first urban kapa haka groups were formed to provide a cultural connection for those dispossessed of their culture by urbanisation. While these g ...