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    Craft in the 1990s

    Exhibitions As the 1990s began, works by high-profile New Zealand craftspeople were included in the Treasures of the Underworld exhibition at the 1992 Expo in Seville, which subsequently toured New Zealand and then became part of the permanent collection ...


    Craft as object, 2000s

    By 2000 the rustic crafts of the 1970s had been vanquished from memory, and ‘handmade’ had developed new social cachet. In the first decades of the 21st century craft had found itself a secure position amongst local art forms. Unlike the boom-and-bust tim ...


    Individual crafts, 2000s

    Ceramics After decades as the pre-eminent New Zealand craft, ceramics faced some serious challenges to remain relevant. The gradual erosion of ceramics education led to a diminishing number of new makers. In this climate two artists had significant impact ...


    Why people become expatriates

    What is an expatriate? Since the 19th century, many intellectuals and creative people born or educated in New Zealand have chosen to go to other countries to study or work. Some, such as novelist Jane Mander and space scientist Ian Axford, have spent much ...


    Historical reasons for expatriation

    19th-century ‘expatriates’ In the 19th century many Pākehā who had been born in Britain thought of themselves as exiles from ‘Home’. They imported British and European culture and intellectual values, and tried valiantly to reproduce aspects of their fami ...


    Expatriation to Britain

    director of Bloomsbury Publishing, which produced, among other things, the Harry Potter books. Performing ...


    Expatriation to other countries

    Although the attraction of Britain was strong, New Zealanders went to many other countries, Australia and the United States in particular. Australia Australia could be a destination or a stepping stone to some other country. In the 19th century New Zealan ...


    Attitudes to expatriation

    New Zealand ‘legends’ Expatriates who have achieved fame are revered by New Zealanders. Many national heroes – Katherine Mansfield, Ernest Rutherford and Frances Hodgkins, for instance – left New Zealand permanently in their youth. Websites such as NZ Edg ...


    The early years, 1921 to 1932

    operators. Radio broadcasts first gained the attention of politicians not because of their content but ... Controls on broadcast content were also introduced. All content had to follow a strict moral code, ...


    The state takes over – the 1930s

    State control – the NZBB versus the B stations In 1932 the Radio Broadcasting Company (RBC) was replaced by a government agency, the New Zealand Broadcasting Board (NZBB), which inherited the RBC’s stations. The number of stations and range of programmes ...