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  1. teara.govt.nz

    South Auckland, Waikato, Coromandel, Bay of Plenty

    South Auckland and Waikato Topography and climate The gently undulating topography of most of South Auckland and the central Waikato basin contains some of the most productive farmland in New Zealand. The minimum winter temperatures are 3–6°C, with warmes ...

  2. teara.govt.nz

    Cyprinids – goldfish, carp and others

    Goldfish Goldfish (Carassius auratus) were imported early after Europeans settled in New Zealand, although exactly when is uncertain. They were probably introduced by aquarists and pond-keepers as an ornamental species. They were liberated into wild habit ...

  3. teara.govt.nz

    Northern New Zealand

    Northland Northland, New Zealand’s far northern peninsula, is largely hill country, mostly less than 700 metres high. Volcanic rocks form striking peaks in some areas, such as around Whangaroa and Whāngārei harbours. Northland’s east and west coasts are v ...

  4. teara.govt.nz

    Types of river

    The character of a river is largely determined by the landscape through which it runs. Most New Zealand rivers flow through wild areas such as bush or hill country, and through farmland. Some also pass through towns and cities, such as the Avon in Christc ...

  5. teara.govt.nz

    Māori and rivers

    Exploration For early Māori, rivers offered landing sites, harbours and a source of fresh water. They explored as far as possible upriver on many waterways. Tamatea’s cave on the Whanganui River, for example, marks a journeying point for Tamatea-pōkai- wh ...

  6. teara.govt.nz

    Internationally recognised areas

    World heritage sites World heritage sites are designated by UNESCO under the World Heritage Convention, which provides for the protection of places that are of outstanding universal value. New Zealand has three: Te Wāhipounamu – South West New Zealand Ton ...

  7. teara.govt.nz

    The 20th century

    Growth From 1900 to 1914 New Zealand coal production more than doubled to 2.25 million tonnes, a figure it would not consistently exceed until the Second World War. This dramatic increase was due to the demands of steamships and railways, the export-drive ...

  8. teara.govt.nz

    The late 20th and the 21st centuries

    Revival From the early 1980s there was a slow revival in coal mining, which picked up dramatically in the 1990s. By 2003 there was a national production of over 5 million tonnes, which was double the 1990 figure. In 1987 State Coal Mines was transformed i ...

  9. teara.govt.nz

    The steel industry

    Turning New Zealand’s ironsands into steel is a unique process that takes place at two sites in the North Island. Waikato North Head: sand to iron Since 1969, ironsands have been mined at Waikato North Head, at a plant close to the mouth of the Waikato Ri ...

  10. teara.govt.nz

    Papakura and the rural south-east

    Papakura Town on the shores of the Pahurehure inlet of the Manukau harbour, 34 km south of Auckland city. An early frontier settlement, Papakura retained its independence as a separate district from the surrounding Franklin County. Papakura marks the sout ...

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