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Ngā Tohu - Treaty signatories

News: 5 February 2015

In 1840 more than 500 rangatira (chiefs) signed the Treaty of Waitangi, New Zealand’s founding document, which was an agreement between Māori and the British Crown.


When complete, Ngā Tohu – Treaty Signatories will include biographical information on every signatory of the Treaty of Waitangi that can be identified. Some of those who signed are well-known, while about others we know almost nothing, other than that they signed the treaty.

We have based information on the probable identities of the signatories mainly on two sources, Miria Simpson’s 1990 book Ngā tohu o te Tiriti: making a mark and Claudia Orange’s books on the Treaty of Waitangi.

Much of the biographical information has come from utilising secondary sources, including online digitised sources.  In some cases information available is unclear or contradictory.  The biographical information will be amended and changed as we received corrections or additional information.

We are keen to expand the information about signatories of Ngā Tohu over time. So if you have further information about any of the signatories, especially those about whom we have little information, please get in touch by either leaving a comment on a biography page, or by emailing

Ngā Tohu – Treaty Signatories:

Updated on 23rd July 2015